4 Different Types Of Flooring Materials And Their Pros And Cons

I’d like to start off this site by giving you a wide overview and the big picture of what kind of flooring materials actually exist and then shed some light on the advantages and disadvantages of each. Chances are, you are a homeowner and want to remodel your home and considering that the different types of flooring for a home can vary widely in price and usability, it’s a wise choice to inform yourself before actually spending money.

The 4 main types in flooring are wood, resilient, hard and chemical flooring. Soft coverings, like carpets and area rugs can also play a role but I won’t focus on these in this article.

Wooden floors have a long tradition used in homes and buildings throughout the world, providing a feeling of class and quality. In comparsion to cheaply produced vinyl they don’t have a nasty smell attached to them and don’t affect the room climate in a negative way. They mainly come in planks or parquet sets to easily fit into a room.

Laminate Flooring

Laminate Flooring 1

Wood floorings can be fabricated from a lot of different materials, mainly soft- and hardwoods. The latter provides a much higher durability than softwoods and is easier to keep clean and stain-free as well. Bamboo and cork flooring can also be categorized as wooden floors. Even though they are less commonly used, they make for the most environmentally friendly flooring materials that exist. The drawback to all wooden floors is that they’re prone to water and moisture.

Resilient flooring is used throughout homes but also very frequently in functional and performance oriented buildings like dance halls, gyms and similar. Among the materials used for this flooring type are vinyl, linoleum and rubber, due to the elasticity these materials provide. They are easy to keep clean but depending on how they were fabricated can impact the room climate in a negative way.

Another frequently used flooring type is hard flooring. Providing a rustical and antique feeling to a house, these materials have a high durability but also come with a high price attached due to the amount of work involved in fabricating them. Almost everytime you will encounter hard floorings in a tile layout, mainly made of either ceramic, concrete, terrazzo, a mosaic or simply natural stone.

optical illusion floor

Floor with optical illusion 2

There are a lot of different natural stone types available to be used in hard flooring tiles and they come in all sorts of shapes, thicknesses and sizes.

The drawback to hard floorings is that you usually won’t feel comfortable walking on them barefoot without covering them with rugs or some other kind of material, since they can feel rough on the skin and usually feel “cold”. That’s why these are used primarily outdoors or around a fireplace since they have a high resistance to heat.

In the 21st century, new technologies made it possible to produce another type of hard flooring which is used in homes quite often as the material for stairs: Usually consisting of a certain type of very hard and resistant glass, these tiles of hard flooring are transparent with build in LED technology to light up when needed. They provide a very modern and futuristic feel to a home but should only be used when they fit into the setting – which usually doesn’t apply to homes featuring a wooden floor.

The last type of flooring is rarely used in homes and can usually be found in laboratories or food processing plants: seamless chemical flooring. Usually made from latex, polyester, urethane or epoxy, these floorings are installed in liquid form to provide an absolutely even and seamless floor, making them a prime choice for frequently wet areas.

I hope the big picture I was trying to provide above gave you a few ideas of what to look for. Stay tuned for more articles about these different types of flooring, shopping guides, cleaning and maintenance tips and much more.

Feel free to leave some comments below!


  1. © Mark’s Floors 

  2. © Flickr, bertwerk 

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One Response to “4 Different Types Of Flooring Materials And Their Pros And Cons”

  1. sanukumar says:

    Very informative article to a person intending to build home

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